(Image Credit: The Eagle Online)
Date of Birth: 17th October, 1951 in Pusan, Republic of Korea
Nationality: South Korean
Place of Residence: Seoul, South Korea
Net Worth: USD $1.3 Billion (Forbes)
Source of Wealth: Inherited and Self-made (Mix), Hyundai Conglomerate (Shipbuilding, Industrial Machines, Car Manufactures)
Education: BA (Economics) in Seoul National University & MBA in MIT & PhD (International Relations) in Johns Hopkins University
- Member of the Board of Directors of the Johns Hopkins University Foundation
- Representative Director President of Hyundai Heavy Industries (HHI) [1978 – 1987]
- Member of the National Assembly [1988 – 2014]
- Chairman of the Liberty Korea Party (also known as the GNP) in South Korea [2009 – 2011]
- President of the Korean Football Association [1993 – 2009]
- Vice-President of FIFA [1994 – 2011]
- Honorary Chairman of the Asan Foundation [2008 – 2018]
Personal Website: N/A
Political Position: Authoritarian Right
In His Own Words:
Diplomacy has failed, persuasion has failed. Carrots and sweeteners have all failed. – (2013 Interview with The New York Times)
If you encounter economics with political calculations, the economy will be twisted. – (2012 – New Daily Report)
Interactions: Michael Bloomberg
It has not been so long that Chung Mong-Joon had directly managed Hyundai Heavy Industry. He entered HHI in 1978, became the CEO in 1982, and was promoted the president in 1987. However, he started to engage in the political world in 1988 until 2016, thereby HHI has been managed by a specialist, and Chung Mong-Joon has shown minimal intervention of managing HHI during his political career. According to his published autobiography, Chung Mong-Joon claims that he entered politics because he wanted to fulfil one of his fathers unaccomplished dreams of becoming the president of South Korea. While Chung Mong-Joon is currently positioned as the controlling stockholder of the Hyundai Heavy Industry, which contributes to South Korea’s shipbuilding industry, he is also the honorary chairman of the Asan Foundation that supports social welfare systems. He has been elected as the Member of the National Assembly for 7 consecutive terms since 1988 until 14, May 2014. He also ran for presidency campaign twice in 2002 and 2012, but failed to compete with rival candidates. Furthermore, he was the former vice-president of FIFA for 17 years. Although not a lot of precise information has been provided to prove how active Chung Mong-Joon is in campaign financing, it is noticeable to look at the amount of opportunities he had in political positions in South Korea because his property is drastically compared to those of other candidates. For example, South Korea’s National Election Commission has made public that Chung Mong-Joon had spent around $300,000 for the 6th Nationwide Local Elections on June 2014. (Newsis – South Korea : 6th Nationwide Local Election campaign funding) However, despite the duration of funding of almost a decade, he had no other significant performances in South Korean politics other than being elected as the member of the National Assembly for 7 consecutive terms. During the 16th Presidential Elections of South Korea in 2002, Chung Mong-Joon made public endorsements with candidate Roh Mu-Hyun, but after his disappointment from the candidates behaviour towards him during the electioneering, he resigned from the unified treaty.
Lobbying & Advocacy:
Chung Mong-Joon needs to be viewed in two different timelines of the past and the future in terms of advocacy because not only has he been through business aspects of South Korea, but also showed eager political engagement. During 28 years of his political engagement, Chung Mong-Joon has been through diverse advocacy for or against public policies, but has not shown great success over the process other than being elected as a member of the National Assembly and contributing to make South Korea as one of the host countries for the 2002 Korea Japan World Cup. For instance, on his last 2014 nationwide local elections of Seoul city, his pledges focused on the development and safety of the Seoul citizens standards of living. His pledges included building welfare cities, job creation, inducement of private investment, deducing air pollution, and building a safety headquarter building. (National Election Commission – Pledges of each candidates [Language: Korean]) Some of his pledges imply that he wanted to introduce Hyundai’s infrastructures of building these facilities, for example, he wanted to implement air cleaners made by Hyundai in the metro in order for ventilation. (KBS News – Air cleaners inside the metro) As of 2018, reaching an age of 67, Chung Mong-Joon left the political world after the impeachment and imprisonment of Park Geun-Hye (18th President of ROK), Lee Myung-Bak (17th President of ROK), and the suicidal death of Roh Moo-Hyun (16th President of ROK). However, it seems to be that the main purpose he left the political world is to change many policies inside Hyundai, so that he can succeed his business to his son, Chung Ki-Sun, and change the 30 years of specialist management system to an owned management system. During the process, Chung Mong-Joon has already acquired newly issued shares, and increased his stake of Hyundai to 25.8% from 10.15% recently. (The Korea Herald – Increasing Shares)
Chung Mong-Joon is not known of either owning or controlling any influential media outlets. During the 2002 presidential campaign, he was supported by many Korean citizens because he promoted South Korea to be one of the host countries of the 2002 FIFA World Cup. Furthermore, during his political careers he had no specific issues that troubled him. On the other hand, in 2014, he had to formally apologise to the entire Korean citizens because his son had claimed that the “people’s sentiment was uncivilised,” in which the people referred to the families of the sinked Sewol ferry victims, and uncivilised pointing out to their complaints against the governments disordered business handling ability. (The Kyunghyang Shinmun – Families of the Sewol Victim Sue Chung Mong-Joon’s Son for Uncivilised Post) In addition, as an apology he has sent volunteers and much-needed gear from the HHI to save the ferry that sunk with almost 300 civilians in the West coast of South Korea. Throughout his political career, his public profile was highly influential because he is one of the chaebols, which is a massive industrial conglomerate managed by an owner or family in South Korea often exceeding legal authority.
Chung Mong-Joon’s main goal is to primarily support humanitarian aid, educational, and arts and cultural causes. As the chairman of the Asan Foundation, and inspired by his father, Chung Mong-Joon further created the Asan-Nanum (Sharing) Foundation, a public welfare foundation, in order to encourage young entrepreneurs through various educational and cooperative programs. On the other hand, the Asan Foundation provides modern medicine to rural people in pain, social welfare for citizens, and scholarships to youth who have been denied access to education for financial reasons. His lifetime giving exceeds $180 million. (Wealth-X – Chung Mong-Joon) In 2010, he also donated $500,000 for earthquake relief efforts in Haiti, and also $400,000 to the Pakistan Football Federation to rebuild football infrastructure which were destroyed by the floods in the country. As mentioned above, Chung Mong-Joon has recently began to involve in managing the shares of the Hyundai Heavy Industry again in order to succeed the company to his son.
Officially retired from the political career, Chung Mong-Joon did not have significant controversies. However, another reason why he returned as a businessman is because there were a lot of complaints from Hyundai’s labor union questioning whether he really cared about his business, since he has been focusing only in the political career. Furthermore, he also resigned form 2 presidential campaigns due to personal emotions. He was also banned from FIFA for 5 years in 2015 because he was going against Sepp Blatter about his longterm position as the president of FIFA, and his unethical plan of promoting South Korea as the hosting country for the 2022 FIFA World Cup, which came out to be unknown.
- Forbes – Chung Mong-Joon Wants To Lead the City of Seoul Out of Its Funk
- Carnegie Endowment – Nuclear Policy Conference : Chung Mong-Joon